Typically defined as “projects characterised by: large investment commitment, vast complexity and long-lasting impact”
mega construction projects often have the potential to have a transformative impact on every level of a society.
Infrastructure projects in particular can have a lasting, positive impact upon the economy of a nation-state. Take the Panama Canal for example, which is responsible for a significant proportion of Panama’s GDP.
Hit hard by the global economic crisis of 2008 the infrastructure and construction industry is now experiencing a renaissance with many analysts predicting that construction is likely to be one of the most dynamic industrial sectors over the next 15 years.
According to one major report, the volume of construction output will grow by 85% to $15.5 trillion worldwide by 2030. The three biggest players in this volume growth are set to be China, the US and India.
Given the huge role that the construction industry will play in the global economy in the next decade and a half, and the positive impact this will have on engineering job markets, Fircroft’s Infrastructure & Construction team have picked out what they consider to be the 5 most important mega construction projects in the world. In drawing up the list they have taken many factors into consideration including economic, social and cultural impact as well the engineering ambition and technical prowess involved in each project.
Do you agree with our top 5? View the infographic below and let us know in the comments!
These may be the top 5 mega construction projects that we consider to be the most important, however there are many other such projects underway across the globe. Here are 10 other projects that just missed out on our top 5:
1. Port Mann Bridge, Vancouver, Canada: The second longest bridge in North America, the Port Mann Bridge uses an impressive 288 cables to span 6,866 feet.
2. Three Gorges Dam, China: At a cost of $22billion and construction time of 17 years, the Three Gorges Dam is certainly one of the biggest mega construction projects in recent history.
3. Crossrail, London, UK: Worming its way beneath the UK’s capital city, Crossrail is 26 miles of underground rail tunnels and stations that will significantly increase the capacity of London’s transport infrastructure. Want to know more? Read our blog about Crossrail here.
4. Russky Bridge, Russia: The $1billion, 10,000 foot long Russky Bridge in South West Russia became the world’s longest cable-stayed bridge when it opened in 2012.
5. Skytree, Tokyo, Japan: Standing at 2,080 feet, Skytree is the world’s tallest tower (however the Burj Khalifa is the world’s tallest building). The tower is used to house TV transmission antennas and contains two observation decks.
6. Jubail Industrial City, Saudi Arabia: Jubail is undergoing an enormous $11billion expansion to update its industrial facilities. Spread over nearly 8 square miles the expansion includes eight blocks of industrial plants, four blocks of petrochemical facilities and four blocks of smelting plants.
7. Centenary City, Nigeria: Located in Abuja, this $18billion construction project aims to create a ‘smart city’. The project broke ground in June 2014 and when it is completed in approximately 15 years’ time will be home to some 400,000 residents.
8. Klang Valley Mass Rapid Transit Project, Kuala Lumpur: This project aims to transform Malaysia and Kuala Lumpur into one big Megapolis called ‘Greater Kuala Lumpur’ through the creation of a 3-line mass rapid transit system.
9. Porto Maravilha, Brazil: A complete transformation of Rio de Janeiro’s port area the Porto Maravilha project includes the reconstruction of 700km of urban infrastructure (water, sewage, drainage), the construction of 17km of bike paths and a 30km light rail system.
10. West Connex, Australia: A $16.8billion motorway scheme in Sydney, this massive transport infrastructure project is arguably the biggest construction project in the region since the Harbour Bridge.
With many more mega construction projects on the horizon, make sure you are first in line to take advantage of the best job opportunities in Infrastructure & Construction with Fircroft. Register your CV with us today and open up a world of opportunity in this exciting and growing industry.